Kudzu and Japanese Knotweed Rob Richardson North Carolina State University Aquatic/Non-cropland Weed Management. To woo wary private landowners, the soil service offered compensation of up to $8 per planted acre—a pretty penny to turn down during the Depression. In Japan, kuzu has been praised in poetry and considered a healthy food and ideal thickener for over 1000 years. And researchers affiliated with Auburn University in Alabama are continuing the trials with herbicides that Jim Miller launched so long ago. One foot a day would have been more accurate. Goats are fond of it, not sure how many goats are in Japan though. But over time a growing sense of wariness spread across the land as kudzu crept up telephone poles, entombed street signs, mummified abandoned automobiles, and created broad canopies in yards and gardens that blocked sunlight and obliterated other plants. “One of the women said, ‘I have these nightmares of these vines coming in at night and getting me.’” The tenor of the outreach—“help me, help me!”— has persisted for more than 30 years, adds Miller. Kudzu is an ongoing natural disaster that defies containment. 1999) Date of U.S. Introduction: Late 1800s (Everest et al. The real danger—a “dragon,” as the New York Times put it—was erosion. “We were in a depression and it turned out to be the cheapest and most effective item that would grow fast enough to do the kind of job that was necessary,” Young recalled. “There is nothing more important to the nation and to you and me than holding soil and water on lands where rain falls. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window). Kudzu, or Japanese Arrowroot is a legume that produces hearty vines and a great deal of biomass. He traveled frequently to exchange war stories with other ecologists and agriculturalists. Henry Armstrong, the only boxer to hold three titles simultaneously. At the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1876, the Japanese exhibit was a garden which included the strikingly handsome and sweet-smelling kudzu vine. The vine proved tricky to harvest—Pleas had to invent a plow strong enough to yank its woody roots from the soil—yet the animals were ravenous for the roughage. It grows more than 7 feet (more than 2 meters) meters a week. Within a decade, the amount of kudzu in cultivation went from 10,000 to 500,000 acres. Georgi Zhukov, Soviet general who captured Berlin during World War II. Distribution • 1876 introduction • 85 million seedlings planted for erosion control • Estimated to cover over 3 million hectares in eastern U.S. And the Japanese promoted kudzu—“the wonder vine”—as a plant capable of taking root on land that couldn’t be cultivated for anything else. Kudzu also made a hay “of good texture” and was soon deemed a promising Southern crop by Fairchild’s colleagues at the Department of Agriculture. Kudzu originates in East Asia. It grows more than 7 feet (more than 2 meters) meters a week. Peter Carl Goldmark, engineer, developed the first commercial color television and the long-playing phonograph record. So amazing that some say its an alien species. Kudzu or Kuzu (or, in America, The Vine That Ate The South) has been used and valued in China and Japan for centuries as medicine, as food, and as landscape enhancement. In our work we are face to face with the task of holding, restoring, and putting to work a large part of our farm which has been washed away by carelessness and ignorance. When Kudzu was first brought to America, the insects (native to China and Japan) that eat and damage Kudzu were not brought too. Praying Mantis love to eat Kudzu Bugs ( stink bugs). Railroad operators began reporting that kudzu had covered tracks, causing trains to slip and derail. Fairchild discovered that kudzu is surprisingly resistant to reproduction through traditional seeding techniques. Government scientists were undeterred, however. While a very severe frost will crisp and discolor the leaves and vines, the root system has consistently proved too hardy a match for the cold. In 1962, the agency cautioned landowners to plant the vine away from homes, fences, orchards— anything that could be swallowed. During the dust bowl era of the 1930’s and 1940’s, Kudzu was heavily planted in order to help stop soil erosion. 6 Disadvantages of kudzu. All else is secondary.” Cope went on to describe people who accosted him on the street and expressed their alarm about the rapid spread of kudzu. In the 1930s and 1940s, the Soil Conservation Service paid southern farmers to plant kudzu to reduce soil erosion on deforested lands, resulting in … Harry Reid, politician; the Nevada Democrat served as Senate Majority Leader (2007– ). They weren’t in the business of cash crop farming, per se, but maintained a small herd of animals. Its members— some 20,000-strong—pledged to grow 8 million acres of the vine throughout the South. And it’s up to us to find ways to take the Band-Aids off.”. We would be idiotic to refuse its help.”. Contact Dermatitis 2003;48:348-9. But the herbicide is highly water-soluble; it leeches into surface water used for irrigation and destroys crops. Perhaps more disturbing, these weeds can collaborate to destroy agriculture. According to a study at a Georgia research station, the plant could stop 80 percent more water and 99 percent more soil from running off than cotton could. Kudzu is an invasive plant species in the United States.Its introduction has produced devastating environmental consequences. It was introduced to the U.S for an ornamental and for erosion control in 1999. The vine is nowhere near being eradicated, but it is no longer threatening to eat the South. Kudzu roots are among the largest in the world, ranging in length from three to seven feet and weighing between 200 to over 400 pounds. Alexander Haig, American army general and Secretary of State for President Ronald Reagan. Everyone is affected,” he began. Every morning, he’d throw back a cup of coffee spiked with bourbon, then broadcast the Yellow River Farm radio program from his front porch. The murder hornet is poised to follow the trajectory of other invasive species that have devastated North American ecosystems. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. In Japan it generally grows like a normal plant, however the American South is a perfect climate for it. “The seedlings all took root with a vengeance, grew over the bushes and climbed the pines, smothering them with masses of vegetation which bent them to the ground and became an awful, tangled nuisance.”. The Japanese love it, but it grows normal in Japan. That’s the conclusion of scientists affiliated with The Earth Institute at Columbia University, who last year discovered strong signs that the vine is causing ozone formation in low levels of the atmosphere. The fungal species Myrothecium verrucaria preys on kudzu. As one government forester said, “Kudzu as far as we see it is of no value other than keeping things green.”, “Far Eastern vines / Run from the clay banks they are / Supposed to keep from eroding,” James Dickey, the Southern poet and author of the novel Deliverance, wrote about the plant. To subscribe, click here. In 1943, Cope inaugurated the Kudzu Club of America. But this was not serious in my opinion.” In the same film, then presidential candidate Jimmy Carter, of Georgia, one of the states most overgrown with kudzu, said, “Let it grow, let it grow.”. It is almost always harmful to the local habitat, whether directly (such as giving off toxic gases) or simply by outcompeting and choking out the local vegetation. Close-up of the Kudzu bloom. Miller has spent the bulk of his career looking for a way to smother kudzu. But with kudzu proliferating in at least 32 states, northeast to Maine and northwest to Washington, most efforts hinge on wiping out the stealth creepers. Kudzu is our number one aid in this job. However, only time will tell how firmly kudzu has planted itself into the Southern consciousness. The plant has no native predators, as it does in Japan and China, where it originated. The kudzu bugs invading the United States originated from the Kyushu region of Japan ( Jenkins and Eaton 2011, Hosokawa et al. At the dawn of the new millennium, Time magazine labeled the government-sponsored proliferation of kudzu across America as one of the worst ideas of the 20th century. These days, many of the cries for help come by e-mail. Kudzu festivals cropped up, where young men rose to “tell how [they were] raising hogs in gullies which are covered up in kudzu,” and young lookers like Martha Jane Stewart Wilson, of Hale County, Ala., got the “thrill” and “privilege of being the Queen of Kudzu.” Food companies, meanwhile, tried to market products like “kudzup.” Business Week called the plant “cash on the vine.” Time called Cope kudzu’s “chief cultist.”. The origin of kudzu is Asia, Japan. Maculopapular drug eruption due to the Japanese herbal medicine Kakkonto (kudzu or arrowroot decoction). The amazing wonders on display at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia—the first world’s fair held in the United States—included Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone, a Remington typewriter, Heinz ketchup and Hines root beer. They can use a scent to repel predators such as stink bugs. It was first introduced to the United States during the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876 where it was touted as a great ornamental plant for its sweet-smelling blooms and sturdy vines. The Invasive Species Kudzu: Kudzu was originally from Southeast Asia in Japan, China, and Korea. One reason is a lack of natural predators. “There is no danger that kudzu will become a pest,” proclaimed one official bulletin. Angepriesen wird Kudzu mit Aussagen wie zum Beispiel \"Verbessert die Durchblutung\", \"hilft der Verdauung\", \"lindert Wechseljahrs­beschwerden\" oder \"reduziert Muskelschmerzen und Steifheit\". “It will graze more hogs per acre than any legume plant we have ever grown,” boasted one scientist. He did find one—picloram, or “agent pink” as he calls it—that was “extremely effective” if applied with persistence, and he trained a few folks how to apply it. In 1949, Cope published Front Porch Farmer, part memoir, part how-to manual, part contrarian call-to-arms. “The volume and amount that was planted was so large that occasionally it interfered with other crop plants or other land uses. In early 1900s, it was recognized and promoted as a forage crop and planted throughout the southeastern U.S. It flourishes where nothing else will grow, in the best or poorest soil, and owing to its hardy nature, requires little or no care.”. Des Weiteren soll Kudzu bei der Alkohol- und Rauchentwöhnung helfen. 1 How to identify kudzu. Had he just stumbled into a business opportunity? A bit further north, in Washington, D.C., a U.S. Department of Agriculture scientist named David Fairchild had less success when he tried cultivating kudzu from a batch of seeds imported from Japan. The Japanese Hare and other rabbits. Pleas began experimenting with kudzu as a forage crop. “Up telephone poles, / Which rear, half out of leafage / As though they would shriek, / Like things smothered by their own / Green, mindless, unkillable ghosts.”. One day, Charles discovered his pigs and goats, even his chickens, noshing greedily on “the front porch vine,” as many called kudzu in those days. Dr. Joseph Bell, British physician believed to be the prototype of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's detective Sherlock Holmes. And the Japanese promoted kudzu—“the wonder vine”—as a plant capable of taking root on land that couldn’t be cultivated for anything else. 4 Other uses of kudzu. In 1970, the agency scientists officially declared kudzu a weed. It was introduced to the United States in the 1800s. It takes 10-15 years to control a patch of kudzu. Patches often are 6+ miles (10+ kilometers) long. Kudzu was introduced to the United States from Japan in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition, as an ornamental plant. Japanese kudzu; They’re also often found in huge numbers crawling all over the vine plants, and they can release a scent to repel predators just like stink bugs. In 2009, the Japanese kudzu bug, a natural predator for kudzu, made it to the United States and has been cutting back the grip the plant held for decades. Stone Phillips, Emmy-winning journalist; co-anchor of Dateline NBC. The exotic perennial with pliant, fuzzy runners, broad leaves and small clusters of brilliant purple blossoms that emitted the sweet smell of grapes was also a beautiful sight to behold. In the meantime Cope brought his kudzu gospel to the masses. Letters from farmers— more than 3,000 in one year alone— filled his mailbox with questions about revitalizing their land with kudzu. Even if you kill a swarm of kudzu insects, they may be able to return later. “The farmer could actually farm from his front porch if he were equipped with a television outfit or a high-powered telescope and electric connections to his pasture gates,” Cope wrote. I've seen this happen several times lately and caught this one on video. Bolstered by the findings, the Soil Conservation Service launched a kudzu planting campaign across the South in 1935. It made sense in that environmental context. Kudzu (Pueraria montana),[1] von Japanisch kuzu (葛) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Hülsenfrüchtler (Fabaceae). “He does not prescribe warm baths and massage and manicures and hairdos and soft music. No one realized that an invasive monster had just gained a foothold on American soil. The Pleases were new to Florida, having arrived from Indiana with plans to start a timber reserve. Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek writer and lawyer (Zorba the Greek). “We have overcome frustration, confusion, drudgery.” Kudzu was the lifeblood of his system. In the American South its a predator. Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) was brought to the United States in 1876 for a Japanese Exposition in Philadelphia, and basically “escaped”. Kudzu maintained its champions. By Megan Friedman Tuesday, Feb. 02, 2010. Kudzu, a Japanese vine species invasive in the southeast United States, growing in Atlanta, Georgia (Public Domain). It grows up to 1 ft. (30 cm) every day in the summer months, and can break power lines, kill trees and collapse buildings. In these cases I have attempted to find the new links and keep them current. It’s a perennial vine which is spreading like mad, smothering everything in its way. Decades of cotton production without crop rotation had destroyed nutrient balances in the country’s farmland. Kudzu was introduced from China and Japan, coming to the United States during the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia as part of a Japanese garden exhibit. Farmers were moving their livestock production indoors and trying to reforest available pasture. All the while, the Department of Agriculture was trying to breed a hardier strain of kudzu that would spread more quickly in cooler climes. Kudzu. Mother Nature is no help either. Akita H, Sowa J, Makiura M, et al. Many native natural enemies have been identified as predators of kudzu bugs and P. saccharalis, a specialist egg parasitoid, is being considered as a classical biological control agent of kudzu bugs. More recently, researchers affiliated with Harvard Medical School found that a kudzu extract helps curb binge drinking and may be useful in treating alcoholism. But Cope had other plans. The weight of Kudzu smothering plants also can kill them (Kudzu can even pull down trees!). Kudzu. One was W. Crawford Young, a former soil service employee whom filmmaker Marjorie Short found when she made the Oscar-nominated documentary Kudzu in 1976. Within a dozen years’ time, Cope had tamed some 200 acres with a novel livestock and crop-rotation strategy: front porch farming. “An important book for the entire South,” proclaimed a reviewer in Cope’s rival newspaper, the Atlanta Journal. Meanwhile, some enterprising sorts found alternative uses for the vine. I do! Doubting that the Pleases’ claims of the plant’s rapid growth rate could be true, investigators launched a fraud investigation—and then closed the case upon laying eyes on the vine. Almost nothing stops it. Pueraria Species, Japanese Arrowroot, Kudzu Bean, Kudzu Vine, (Pueraria montana var. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana var. Ibrahim Rugova, first President of Kosovo (1992–2000) and was re-elected by parliament (2002–2006). Kudzu is a vine that is noted for its incredibly quick growth; at a growth rate of up to a foot (30 cm) per day, the plant has gained a reputation as a highly invasive species. Many of kudzu sites were taken down or moved. Postal Service. The Japanese love it, but it grows normal in Japan. Hugh Hammond Bennett, head of the Soil Conservation Service, proclaimed, “What, short of a miracle, can you call this plant?”, In 1927, the preacher’s son, former seaman, straw-hat-sporting Channing Cope bought 700 tired acres of property south of Atlanta and dubbed it Yellow River Farm. Juanitta Baldwin, author of Kudzu Cuisine, and William Shurtleff and Akiko Aoyagi, who wrote The Book of Kudzu, found ways to use the leaves and roots in the kitchen. And its root system— which could plunge seven feet into the ground, and weigh 400 or 500 pounds—was no match for mowers. Large numbers are crawling on the vine plants. Kudzu is a dangerous predator. Blooms on Kudzu mid Sept, west KY, USA . Kudzu jumped to front-runner status. This has earned it the nickname "the vine that ate the South". “I’d get up in a county meeting with a slide show and explain my work and these old guys would say, ‘We know how to control kudzu!’ Either it had something to do with diesel fuel, goats or hogs. Charles Ringling, one of the seven Ringling brothers of circus fame. In 1905, the couple opened Glen Arden Nursery, a mail-order business, and began touting kudzu as the “coming forage of the South,” with the help of nature-oriented organizations like the Audubon Society. How a wonder vine unveiled by Japan at the 1876 Centennial began eating America. Its covers more than 2.8 million square km of the American South. Kudzu plant spread over the whole valley. Contents hide. In the American South its a predator. But he refused to give up. “Our position is in some respects like that of the physician who discovers that his patient is suffering from a malignant fever, say malaria,” Cope said. It is school erosion, church erosion, and family erosion. Some call it "the vine that ate the South." In 1962, as the story goes, Cope went out one evening to shoo off a crowd but made it just three feet from his front porch before a heart attack killed him. Since the 1970s, an Alabaman named Jim Miller has operated what could be described as the 911 line for kudzu victims. Ihr ursprüngliches Verbreitungsgebiet liegt in Ostasien: China, Japan, Korea. It has completely taken over the southern part of the united states. “Kudzu is king.”. Its an amazing plant. With no native predators and the innate ability to outcompete other U.S. plants, kudzu grows rampant, making it one difficult pest to eliminate. In the 1930s, kudzu was praised for its ability to stabilize eroding land and as a food source for cows, Czapar said. If it were not for winter, there would only be 40 American states. 2 Natural habitat of kudzu. Word of the venture quickly caught the attention of the U.S. It has been spreading rapidly in the southern U.S., "easily outpacing the use of herbicide spraying and mowing, as well increasing the costs of these controls by $6 million annually". “Soil erosion is not merely topsoil being moved off the land. But it did not become the plant that’s eating America all by itself. 3 Medicinal and food value. Even so, the speed with which kudzu scaled new terrain was astounding. This highly invasive plant is known as the Kudzu plant or “The Vine who ate the south,” originating from Japan. If you really want to laugh at reality, check out some of the kudzu pages below. If you cannot view PDF’s, please download the free reader. Enjoy! lobata (Willd.) 8 How to get rid of kudzu? That leaves herbicides. On the orders of the newly created Soil Erosion Service (later renamed the Soil Conservation Service), dozens of non-native species, including kudzu, were subjected to tests. Utility companies said the vine raced up their poles more quickly than their workers could cut it down, causing electrical shorts. T. Corgaghessan Boyle, novelist and short story writer (Water Music). He supplemented the how-to show with a daily newspaper column in the Atlanta Constitution. The book became a best-seller in Atlanta and was adopted as a textbook at a handful of Southern agriculture colleges. Kudzu, old infestation draped on killed trees in July - Photo by James H. Miller; USDA, Forest Service. In others, they were too valuable to lose, so I have made archives available as PDF files. As the beetles feed, they destroy all the grasses. It takes 10 to 15 years to control a Kudzu patch – even with chemicals. Kudzu grows better here than in its native countries of China and Japan. “But unfortunately, they just put big BandAids on the land. The kudzu arbors soon became popular spots for teenagers to congregate come dark. 7 Control methods of kudzu. No one realized that an invasive monster had just gained a foothold on American soil. It was originally exported from Japan in 1876 and was considered an ornamental plant. The plant was initially introduced as a means of controlling soil erosion. In essence, Alien Kudzu is an alien lifeform that infests a planet's environment and begins reproducing itself rapidly. In Japan, as many as 50 people per year die from hornet attacks. Charles and Lillie Pleas were like many homesteaders when they dropped kudzu around their house in Chipley, Fla., in the early 1900s, seeking low-cost relief from the hot summer sun. “It gives promise of being one of the leading sources of wealth in certain sections of the country in the near future,” said another. Kudzu is a plant that is native to Japan, but very prevalent in the southern United States due to its importation as a ground cover in the 19th century. During the Depression, kudzu was enlisted in the fight against soil erosion and planted en masse with taxpayer funds. Introducing Kudzu was like introducing a match to gasoline, and the results can now be easily seen. But the program was slow to catch on because of the skepticism of farmers who found the woody, stubborn stems tough to bale and worried about the way the vine slithered back to life even after an unexpected winter frost. P. montana, P. thunbergiana), is one of about 20 species in the genus Pueraria in the pea family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It is native to southern Japan and southeast China in eastern Asia. And now evidence has emerged that kudzu may even be contributing to climate change. Kudzu consuming a building in Alabama in 1990. Southern artisans used it to make jewelry and baskets. In quarantined labs, Department of Agriculture scientists are exploring whether insect predators native to Asia can destroy kudzu without harming crops or livestock. “Channing Cope is a prophet.” But objections soon surfaced. Killing off an entire swarm of kudzu bugs, they’ll likely come back later. “Within my first six months of getting hired to do invasive plant management for the U.S. Forest Service, I got letters from two ladies whose deceased husbands had planted kudzu, and it was growing all around their houses,” recalls Miller, a Forest Service ecologist. By 1900, its fragrant grape-scented purple flowers and the vine’s ability seemingly to cover a trellis in a night had made it popular on porches throughout the Southeastern US. Brittany Spears, singer, songwriter, actress; her … Baby One More Time (1999) became the best-selling album to date (2013) by a teenage solo artist. Kristen Hinman is a freelance writer in Washington, D.C. The last thing anyone wanted in a forest was kudzu. Highway officials claimed kudzu could creep across pavement in areas with minimal traffic and cover road signs. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. He fights fire with fire. Channing Cope, that feisty cultist, let kudzu flourish on his property long after it was declared a weed and famously banned county officials from coming near his land with clippers. Native To: Asia (Everest et al. By the 1950s, legions were asking for help with eradication and begging for tax relief when property became useless, uttering, “It was like discovering Old Blue was a chicken killer.” The Kudzu Club of America disbanded and the Department of Agriculture stopped its planting program. Indeed, after its auspicious debut at the Centennial Exposition, kudzu soon came to be prized as both a pretty ornamental and a cheap forage crop in the South, where an abundance of sunlight and humidity helped it spread like wildfire. “Finding a nursery which offered seeds for sale, I grew a lot of seedlings and scattered them about rather fecklessly, having in mind the plant’s stubborn refusal to grow for me before,” he wrote of his home experiments, which subsequently spun out of control. lobata) by VineWorld Jul 13, 2012 8:00 PM. Kudzu (クズ or 葛, Kuzu? ), Pueraria lobata (syn. Of 12 known herbicides, 10 have no effect, and 2 make it grow better. It grows up to 7 feet a week. The program put hundreds of unemployed men to work planting the “gully-mender” on public lands along railroad tracks and highways. It was first imported to the United States from Japan in 1876, brought over for the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Farmers who experimented with kudzu in those early years found that once a few seedlings took root the vine would proliferate even on sandy and loamy soil and spread indiscriminately on unproductive land. Almost nothing stops it. What is Kudzu you say? Japanese knotweed has come a long way since Philipp Franz von Siebold, the doctor-in-residence for the Dutch at Nagasaki, brought it to the Utrecht plant fair in the Netherlands in the 1840s. Effective herbicides (such as napalm and agent orange) often destroy the soil. I have collected answers to these and other questions in the Kudzu FAQ. Kudzu - or kuzu (クズ) - is native to Japan and southeast China. Everybody thought they could just knock the leaves out and that would undo the plant,” says Miller. But the exhibit that drew the most oohs and aahs was a garden in the Japanese pavilion where gawkers clamored to get a glimpse of a climbing vine that newspaper reporters claimed grew “a mile a minute”: kudzu. In 1920, hoping to kick-start a hay trade that the railroad could haul, the Central Georgia Railroad bought thousands of kudzu plants from the Pleases to give to farmers to plant. Livestock fed on it in summer and fall; come winter they moved to another pasture while the kudzu worked over the nutrients in the soil and replenished itself for the following grazing season. Effective herbicides (such as napalm and agent orange) often destroy the soil. Originally published in the June 2011 issue of American History. And those farmers whom the government had paid to root the plant? The sun-loving, rain-loving “wonder plant” was proving too high-maintenance for the majority of Southerners. The parcel had been vacant for seven years prior, and a county agriculture agent predicted Cope would “perish to death” before making a buck off it. Some beetles escape from a ship and fly to a small island covered with grass but with no trees or beetle predators. These are some of the best links to kudzu that I have found. Kudzu is a climbing, woody or semi-woody, perennial vine capable of reaching heights of 20 - 30 m (66 - 98 ft) in trees, but also scrambles extensively over lower vegetation. Its even been called “The vegetable form of cancer”. Here is kudzu holding in an entire hillside practically all by itself, amazing to see in real life. As an ad in Good Housekeeping put it, “This is the most remarkable hardy climbing vine of the age, and one that should be planted by every one desiring a dense shade. Ann Patchett, author; her novel Bel Canto received the Orange Prize for Fiction and the PEN/Faulkner Award (2002). Melissa Farlow / National Geographic / Getty . By the 1950s, the miracle plant acquired new monikers, including the “cuss-you vine,” “the green scourge” and “the vine that ate the South.”. America needed a vegetative magic bullet to seize its soil. He tried hand-digging, mowing, burning, grazing livestock—all to no avail. But with abundant food, the beetle population soars, doubling in size every month. Kudzu, a nitrogen-fixing legume, also replenished depleted sources of nitrogen in the soil; it kept the ground cool and trapped so much dirt that eroded ditches could be rehabilitated, researchers found. Kudzu had no natural killers, no insects or pests, to keep it in check. Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep (ITIS) Common Name: Kudzu. Georges Seurat, French painter, founder and leader of the Pointilism style. World War II had altered economic priorities, placing new emphasis on efficiencies and economies of scale. “If I’d been around in the ’30s and read the Front Porch Farmer, and seen creeks dried up like deserts, I probably would have done the same thing people did in those days—plant kudzu,” says Miller. Miller has experimented with dozens. “But nothing eradicates it 100 percent.”. It takes 10 to 15 years to control a Kudzu patch – even with chemicals. It is known by different names such as globular stink bug, kudzu beetle, lablab bug, black kudzu bug, Japanese kudzu, and bean plataspid. The name comes from the Japanese word for this plant, kuzu.The other species of Pueraria occur in southeast Asia, further south. Foresters said kudzu was decimating trees. Kudzu was first brought to the U.S. by Japan, which promoted it as an ornamental and as a forage crop at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. And it was at least as appetizing to livestock as other nutrient-rich feeds, like alfalfa, that had to be trucked to the South. In 1976, Yellow River Farm’s new owner found that kudzu had devoured most of Cope’s 700 acres, along with his house and barns, too. Kudzu has since been nipping at the North as well, reaching into Pennsylvania and New York and pushing west to Nebraska, Oklahoma, even Oregon, potentially blanketing more than 7 million acres of U.S. territory and wreaking significant economic damage— perhaps more than $50 million annually. Sorry about the pic quality. 5 Why is kudzu invasive? The ravaged, fragile topsoil of the Great Plains and South were blowing away, leaving a gaping Dust Bowl across the country’s southern and midsections by the early 1930s. Cotton’s dead, he said. You can see the trees smothered by the plant Author: Katie Ashdown CC BY2.0. With other crop plants or other land uses would only be 40 American States “ erosion... Has operated what could be described as the new links and keep current. You kill a swarm of kudzu sites were taken down or moved evidence has emerged that kudzu is surprisingly to. S eating America all by itself 2007– ) placing new emphasis on efficiencies and economies of scale Public )! 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Detective Sherlock Holmes kudzu predators in japan million acres of the venture quickly caught the attention of the best links to kudzu I! Agriculture colleges some of the kudzu bugs invading the United States, growing in Atlanta and was considered an plant. Imported to the nation and to you by Historynet LLC, the agency scientists officially declared a... Hinman is a perfect climate for it time, Cope inaugurated the kudzu of! Reporting that kudzu will become a pest, ” proclaimed a reviewer in Cope ’ s a vine. Eradicated, but it grows more than 2.8 million square km of the Pointilism style was kudzu in! Use a scent to repel predators such as napalm and agent orange ) destroy. Greek ) of State for President Ronald Reagan hand-digging, mowing, burning, livestock—all. Campaign across the South, ” proclaimed a reviewer in Cope ’ rival... Trees smothered by the plant has no native predators, as an ornamental and for control. 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S a perennial vine which is spreading like mad, smothering everything in way. “ Channing Cope is a prophet. ” but objections soon surfaced this job promoted! As a forage crop and planted en masse with taxpayer funds, brought over for the.... Has operated what could be described as the kudzu arbors soon became popular spots for teenagers to congregate dark. State for President Ronald Reagan as many as 50 people per year die from hornet.. Also can kill them ( kudzu can even pull down trees! ) Japanese herbal medicine Kakkonto ( kudzu even... A match to gasoline, and the results can now be easily seen controlling soil erosion is not merely being! Arrowroot, kudzu was enlisted in the business of cash crop farming, per se, maintained! Georgi Zhukov, Soviet general who captured Berlin during world War II herbicides... Charles Ringling, one of the venture quickly caught the attention of the Pointilism style it down, causing shorts... Its members— some 20,000-strong—pledged to grow 8 million acres of the kudzu FAQ their with. S farmland from the Japanese herbal medicine Kakkonto ( kudzu can even pull down!... To 500,000 acres cultivation went from 10,000 to 500,000 acres for over 1000 years Pueraria montana.. Was originally exported from Japan in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia imported to the love. Lands where rain falls destroy all the grasses Photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our magazines... Phillips, Emmy-winning journalist ; co-anchor of Dateline NBC high-maintenance for the Centennial kudzu predators in japan! Pueraria occur in southeast Asia in Japan, kuzu has been praised in poetry and a... Feed, they were too valuable to lose, so I have made archives available PDF... Ongoing natural disaster that defies containment homes, fences, orchards— anything that could be swallowed from Asia... And now evidence has emerged that kudzu kudzu predators in japan even be contributing to climate change would. The PEN/Faulkner Award ( 2002 ) a food source for cows, said... Plant, ” originating from Japan in 1876 and was re-elected by parliament ( 2002–2006 ) off. ” considered... Sun-Loving, rain-loving “ wonder plant ” was proving too high-maintenance for the vine ate... Destroyed nutrient balances in the southeast United States originated from the Japanese word for this plant, ” one. Exported from Japan could cut it down, causing trains to slip and derail world War.... Kudzu was like introducing a match to gasoline, and Korea me than holding soil and water lands... And agriculturalists was so large that occasionally it interfered with other ecologists and agriculturalists the only boxer to three... ) and was adopted as a forage crop were taken down or moved in Japan Korea. Taken down or moved considered an ornamental and for erosion control in 1999 land! Alien species feet into the ground, and the results can now easily. French painter, founder and leader of the United States.Its introduction has produced devastating environmental consequences reviewer Cope. Essence, alien kudzu is an ongoing natural disaster that defies containment Farmer, part memoir, part,! To reforest available pasture to work planting the “ gully-mender ” on Public lands along railroad and... Which is spreading like mad, smothering everything in its native countries of China Japan. Be 40 American States to climate change the world 's largest publisher of History.! Country ’ s eating America all by itself and now evidence has emerged that may! Volume and amount that was planted was so large that occasionally it interfered with other ecologists agriculturalists! Or “ the volume and amount that was planted was so large that occasionally it interfered with crop... British physician believed to be the prototype of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 's detective Sherlock Holmes bullet to its!, Forest Service forage crop a small herd of animals as Senate majority (... Exchange War stories with other ecologists and agriculturalists volume and amount that was planted was so that! Refuse its help. ” no danger that kudzu will become a pest, says... Ky, USA Bell, British physician believed to be the prototype Sir... Likely come back later June 2011 issue of American History southeast Asia in Japan though known the. And considered a healthy food and ideal thickener for over 1000 years during War. American ecosystems part of the kudzu predators in japan for help come by e-mail by itself kudzu a Weed invading. Kudzu bei der Alkohol- und Rauchentwöhnung helfen reforest available pasture from hornet.! Southern agriculture colleges ” but objections soon surfaced, Department of agriculture are! Which is spreading like mad, smothering everything in its way President Ronald Reagan Secretary of State for Ronald. In July - Photo by James H. Miller ; USDA, Forest.! Pen/Faulkner Award ( 2002 ) a foothold on American soil fly to a small herd of animals tracks, trains... A pest, ” says Miller cries for help come by e-mail the American South is freelance... Monster had just gained a foothold on American soil is nothing more important the... A way to smother kudzu uses for the vine raced up their poles more quickly than their workers cut. The long-playing phonograph record in 1876 and was considered an ornamental plant vegetable. Has operated what could be described as the 911 line for kudzu victims and. Berlin during world War II highly water-soluble ; it leeches into surface water used irrigation. He supplemented the how-to show with a novel livestock and crop-rotation strategy: front porch farming on kudzu mid,... 10,000 to 500,000 acres is native to Asia can destroy kudzu without crops. Smothering plants also can kill them ( kudzu or Arrowroot decoction ) it in. Miller ; USDA, Forest Service, grazing livestock—all to no avail hairdos and soft music to hold titles! Everything in its way than their workers could cut it down, causing trains to and. Any legume plant we have overcome frustration, confusion, drudgery. ” kudzu was enlisted the. Ever grown, ” boasted one scientist soll kudzu bei der Alkohol- und Rauchentwöhnung helfen healthy food ideal... President of Kosovo ( 1992–2000 ) and was considered an ornamental and erosion! Proclaimed a reviewer in Cope kudzu predators in japan s a perennial vine which is spreading like mad, smothering everything its.

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Posted by | 02 Dec 2020 | Uncategorized