The wood is incredibly dense. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert. Olneya Species, Ironwood Olneya tesota. This listing is for Sonoran Desert Ironwood (olneya tesota) bookmatched jaguar pattern burl knife scales turning wood turning blanks. The inflorescence is an axillary raceme with 2–4 pea-type flowers. Olneya tesota A. The tree known in the U.S./Mexico borderlands as desert ironwood or palo fierro (Olneya tesota) is one of many woody legumes found in washes and hillside drainages in the Sonoran Desert. General Information Olneya tesota is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree with a deep taproot; it can grow 8 - 10 metres tall. You are here: Home. This Arizona native is known around the world for its dense and heavy wood that is highly valued as quality firewood and as an exceptional woodworking material. Observed at Papago Park in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. This cold sensitive plant is found below 2500 feet (762 m) in elevation, which means that it grows on the west side of Tucson, but not on the higher elevation east side. O. Olneya tesota; Media in category "Olneya tesota" The following 37 files are in this category, out of 37 total. Ironwood (Olneya tesota) FABACEAE . More Information: FULL SUN, REFLECTED HEAT OK – HARDY TO … Ironwood – Olneya tesota . Peanut flavored seeds were roasted by Native Americans. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Additional information. It is a medium-sized, deciduous tree seen growing throughout areas in Arizona, Baja California and the Sonora Desert in California. Pages in category "Olneya tesota" This category contains only the following page. General: Ironwood Trees (Olneya tesolata) are trees of desert washes that can grow to be quite large and old. Typically reaches a mature size of 20' x 20'. Little or no water. The trunk is gnarled, often several are produced as a result of trees being cut back by grazing or coppicing, they can have a diameter that often exceeds 45cm. ironwood (Olneya tesota) occur on at least 30 million hectares in southwestern United States (Parker and Martin 1952) and may constitute a significant biofuels resource for southwestern United States. This clone is different from Olneya Tesota with its slightly faster growth rate, v-shaped upright form, and larger leaflets. An indicator species. ), which is commonly known as ironwood or desert ironwood. Origin: Sonoran desert in … It is the only species in the monotypic genus Olneya. Growing insitu South Mtn. Ironwood Forest National Monument in southern Arizona is named for Olneya tesota. Flowers have purple wings and yellow or white petals. Olneya tesota is a perennial flowering tree of the Fabaceae family, legumes (peas, beans, etc. It is commonly found in the deserts of the Southwest, especially Arizona. Desert ironwood Olneya tesota, a dicot, is a tree that is native to California, is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. Ironwood. Ironwood (4568854806).gif 800 × 782; 489 KB. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. inland southern California desert. One of the most important, and oldest, plants in the Sonoran Desert. It has attractive gray bark and the stems are armed with thorns. Category: Trees. Hardy to 25°F. Olneya tesota Taxonomy ID: 168542 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid168542) current name. Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. Heat tolerant. Although the extremely dense wood makes it difficult to do standard tree-ring dating, the Desert Ironwood has been estimated to be able to live for almost 800 years! Olneya tesota range map.png 810 × 924; 93 KB. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-10 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. Foliage Color: Unknown - Tell us. Soil Type: 15% Organic Mulch. Here in the landscapes of the desert southwest, ironwood serves as an excellent evergreen screen against unsightly views and provides cooling shade as it grows. Ironwood Forest National Monument in southern Arizona is named for Olneya tesota. View gallery. It ranks among the most ecologically and economically important plant species in the region. The desert ironwood tree, Olneya tesota, is a member of the legume family and is the only species in its genus. The Sonoran Desert is located in southwestern Arizona, southern California, and the northwestern part of Mexico. Olneya tesota Ironwood Two-inch-long brown pods develop from the flowers, containing edible seeds that taste somewhat like peanuts. An Olneya tesota in Riverside County is registered as a California Big Tree. According to Pima County, Arizona, the ironwood tree is one of the longest-living and largest of all the plant life found in the Sonoran desert. Average Dried Weight: About 75 lbs/ft 3 (1,210 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): ~.97, ~1.21. The small shrubs growing nearby include Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata) and Triangle-leaf Bursage (Ambrosia deltoidea). It is the only species in the monotypic genus Olneya. 28 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Desert Ironwood (Olneya tesota) Common Name(s): Desert Ironwood. Distribution: Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico. Has thorns. The branches grow upright at first then spread with age, even brushing the ground. The reason for its common name becomes immediately apparent if you ever tap the trunk with your knuckles. Ironwood (Olneya tesota) FABACEAE An indicator species. Olneya tesota Desert Ironwood, Ironwood ID: 0091 3182 0735 0038 Glenn and Martha Vargas © 2002 California Academy of Sciences. The function of Olneya tesota (ironwood) as a nurse plant and habitat modifier species in the Sonoran Desert was evaluated at five study sites (using 75 250‐m 2 sample plots) from Bahia Kino, Sonora to Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. Zone 9a/9b. Common Names: Arizona Ironwood, Palo-de-Hierro, Palo-de-Fierro Genus: Olneya Species: tesota The desert ironwood only grows in the washes and valleys of the Sonoran Desert below 2,500 foot elevation. An increasing trend in desert ironwood (Olneya tesota) exploitation in Sonora has affected the population structure, growth, and recruitment of this species near the Gulf of California in the Sonoran desert. Photo originally added to the PlantFiles on April 3, 2005. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Ironwood trees are considered a keystone species in this region because they provide food and shelter for several species of animals and plants. October 2011. An evergreen or semi-deciduous shrub or small tree to about 10 m tall with bluish green, pinnate leaves and masses of purple and white flowers. Evergreen tree or large shrub, growing slowly to 15-30' tall; 15-25' spread. Olneya tesota : Watercolor from live specimen found near New River, Maricopa Co., Arizona, 30 May 1993. Sun Exposure: Full Sun . Description: SLOW GROWING SPREADING SEMI-DECIDUOUS TREE. Hopefully will get updated picture soon. Olneya tesota $ 25.00 . Desert Ironwood. Olneya tesota (Ironwood) This was last spring. Native Americans in southern California used the ironwood for clubs and throwing sticks. The IRONWOOD (also known as “Olneya tesota”) is a(n) Deciduous in the Desert class and part of our Trees department. Scientific Name: Olneya tesota. Desert ironwood refers to the hard, heavy heartwood of this tree. Gray. Ironwood (Olneya tesota) Ironwood is a flowering tree from the legume family. This characteristic makes desert ironwood a very effective weapon. Welcome to my photo place. Beneath the canopy of O. tesota trees 75 perennial plant species were found. Ironwood Tree Olneya Tesota This Arizona native is known around the world for its dense and heavy wood that is highly valued as quality firewood and as an exceptional woodworking material. Plant Name. Olneya tesota as an indicator species of the Sonoran Desert region, [2] has one other species with the same identical north-south, and east-west range. preserve in Phoenix; late winter; in the rain. Foliage: Evergreen. Arbusto Palo de Fierro.JPG 2,560 × 1,920; 1.22 MB. Ironwood develops a thick, sometimes multiple-branched trunk. The leaves are compound with several lateral leaflets per leaf (even-1-pinnate). In seven years of selling ironwood I have only seen this pattern once before. Scientific Name: Olneya tesota Common Name: Desert Ironwood Plant Characteristics. It prefers moist soil. Ironwood blooms in May and June, though the intensity of flowering can vary from year to year. Height & Spread: HEIGHT 20 TO 30 FEET – SPREAD 20 TO 30 FEET . It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Photo originally added to the PlantFiles on April 3, 2005. Olneya tesota A.Gray. Catalog. Water Usage: LOW WATER USE. Native to Sonoran Desert. It is estimated that only one in one thousand trees show this pattern and even then, in only a small area of the tree. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. No Image. Seeds for sale starting at € 4.50. Olneya tesota is a perennial flowering tree of the Fabaceae family, legumes (peas, beans, etc), which is commonly known as Ironwood or Desert Ironwood. Zone 9a/9b. Olneya tesota as an indicator species of the Sonoran Desert region, [2] has one other species with the same identical north-south, and east-west range. Plant Distribution. Ironwood – Olneya tesota. Geographic subdivisions for Olneya tesota: PR, DSon : MAP CONTROLS 1. The ironwood tree (Olneya tesota) is also known as desert ironwood, palo fierro and tesota. Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Olneya (OL-nee-yuh) Species: tesota (TES-oh-tuh) 5 members have or want this plant for trade. Olneya tesota is a TREE growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a medium rate. Olneya tesota (Desert ironwood). Common Name: Desert Ironwood. This is from the rarest of ironwood trees. It measures 33 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 198 inches and a crown spread of 55 feet. Olneya tesota 'AZT' + Add: Desert Ironwood 'AZT : Previous Photo Next Photo Information by: Arid Zone Trees Photographer: Arid Zone Trees Description. Observation Search (269 records) Plant Characteristics. An axillary raceme with 2–4 pea-type flowers the canopy of o. tesota trees 75 perennial species. Alkaline ) soils the rain added to the hard, heavy heartwood of this.... Shelter for ironwood olneya tesota species of animals and plants at a medium rate named for Olneya tesota bookmatched. 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