Let's get together. Viburnum shrubs produce berries in a variety of colors, including neon pink, lemon yellow, robin egg blue and deep purple-black. The species grows as an upright, rounded, small tree, 12 to 20 feet tall if unpruned. Cream-colored flowers of arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) are held in 4-inch wide cymes during early May. Bodnant viburnum (Viburnum x bodnantense) in bloom in late December. It is often confused with V. awabuki. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Very fragrant, white flowers of ‘Cayuga’ viburnum (Viburnum x carlcephalum). Periodically remove old and weak canes. Fruit starts rose pink and matures to blue-black in fall. Spicily fragrant, 2 to 3-inch flower clusters open in March or April. Like many viburnums, Juddi viburnum is deer resistant. Flower clusters with small, white fragrant blooms of Japanese viburnum (Viburnum japonicum) in April. The flowers are clove-scented, white, 2- to 3-inch clusters, opening in March to April. A few, like the arrowhead viburnum, are grown for their bright blue berries in the fall. It does best in the upper Piedmont. Viburnum plicatum is a bushy, deciduous shrub with pretty white flowerheads. They are followed by red to black fruit in July to August. We love to DIY. Some viburnums have berry clusters that showcase several hues at once. branch of red viburnum in the garden, closeup. It blooms in April with 2- to 4-inch clusters of small fertile flowers edged with large, sterile flowers, giving a lace cap effect. Another common cause for non-flowering viburnums is improper pruning. Japanese Viburnum (V. japonicum): Plants are evergreen and grow 6 to 8 feet tall and wide. The leaves droop as temperatures approach freezing. Fall color varies from yellow to purple and red. Fruit are ovoid, metallic blue that age to black. Fruit are red, ovoid ⅓-inch long, and very showy. The nearly round, gray green leaves are 2 to 5 inches in diameter. They can be anywhere within about 50' of one another; both plants will develop fruit. Tea Viburnum (V. setigerum): Tea viburnum is grown primarily for its spectacular berry display. European Cranberrybush (V. opulus var. Pink buds open to creamy white, lightly fragrant 3-to 6-inch wide, flower clusters in March to April. Black Haw (V. prunifolium): Black haw is native throughout South Carolina. (Viburnum was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.) Container grown plants can be planted at that time, but extra attention will need to be given to watering through the summer heat. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1075 | Updated: Oct 14, 2014 | Print, Brightly colored fall berries are a feature of many viburnums, as with this Viburnum wrightii. Others such as Cranberry Viburnum, Douglas Hawthorne, Crabapples are more the "broccoli" berries, they taste better after a few freeze-n-thaws, but they do get eaten eventually. As with most shrubs in the southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal. Mulch the plants or bed with 4 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 inches of bark. Special features : berries, deer resistant, Proven Winners, native. Once established in a suitable site, most viburnums have low maintenance needs. The flowers are somewhat unpleasant smelling, white clusters in late spring, followed by abundant bright red, shiny fruit from mid-fall until at least December. This species has excellent fall color with leaves turning bright pink to reddish purple in fall. ‘Spring Bouquet’ is compact and rounded in form, reaching 5 to 6 feet in height and width. All hackberries are edible and highly nutritious. Discover how to use viburnum shrubs in the landscape. Using: Most sources that offer dishes for any Viburnum fruit for making jams or jellies, or the paste for contributing to meals discuss preparing the fruit, then separating the seeds and skin by putting the prepared fruit through a food mill or pushing through a sieve. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends of branches. Marjan Kluepfel, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Karen Russ, Former HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemson UniversityJoey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. David Viburnum (V. davidii): This is an exceptionally attractive, evergreen, low-growing shrub with parallel-veined, dark blue-green, leathery leaves. It typically grows to 7 to 8 feet tall. It is adaptable to soil type, provided it is well-drained and will grow in sun or shade. Viburnum species vary considerably in where they will thrive in South Carolina. ‘Iroquois’ has a dense, rounded habit with large, textured, dark green leaves in summer and orange-red to maroon fall color. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. Since then, it has become a significant landscape pest and has discouraged the planting of susceptible viburnum species. Leaves often turn purple in winter. The white flowers beckon all kinds of pollinators, including birds, bees and other insects. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … With this viburnum, berries first appear bright pink, then shift to pastel blue and ultimately ripen to bold purple. “Hackberries have a thin, very sweet purple skin surrounding a crunchy shell with a tiny nut inside. Cranberry bush viburnum has bright berries that resemble cranberries (be warned, though, the fruit often has a funky smell some people liken to dirty socks). It is often attacked by aphids, which distort new growth. The viburnum berries typically shift through a sequence of colors as they ripen, which creates a changing scene in the garden. 60+ Ways to Use Up Thanksgiving Leftovers. Showy, 2-to 3-inch snowball-like clusters of white sterile flowers resemble those of V. opulus. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Chuck Burgess, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. ‘Mrs. Small white flowers open in April from pink buds and are followed by limited black fruit. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Viburnum shrubs are one of the many ornamental shrubs that blooms on old wood, so waiting until after blooming to prune is recommended.Trimming them during dormancy will result in the loss of all … Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. It prefers moist, but well drained soil, and some shade. They have been consumed by humans for millennia and are one of the first known foods that humans have eaten and stored. White flowers are produced in 2- to 4-inch flattened cymes in the spring. With all of these viburnums, ripening fruit offers contrast with fall leaf color, which adds another dimension to the show. Pinkish-lavender fall color of American cranberrybush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. The spectacular, 6- to 8-inch flower. It is not very tolerant of high heat and is best grown in moist, but well-drained soil, in shade. It will grow best in partial shade and moist, but well drained soil in the Piedmont. Foliage may be damaged if temperatures fall below 10 °F. Awabuki Viburnum (V. awabuki): Awabuki viburnum grows in a strongly upright form, 15 to 20 feet tall by 10 to 15 feet wide. Flowers are pink budded, opening to white, non-fragrant, 2-to 3-inch clusters in April to May. Both grow to 8 to 9 feet tall and wide, and are very similar in habit. This is a hybrid between V. japonicum and V. dilatatum. ‘Emerald Lustre’ has pink tinged new growth, with lustrous green mature leaves. With the compact size of only 4-5 feet tall and wide, you should not need to prune ever. If you would like to plant as a foundational planting or border, it is best to do 72 inches apart, center on center. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. Native to Europe, VLB was accidentally introduced to North America sometime in the last century. ‘Catskill’ is a slow-growing, compact cultivar, growing 6 feet tall by 8 feet wide. It is a robust plant, growing 8 to 10 feet tall or more, with an upright, spreading habit. Learn about a native viburnum shrub prized by native peoples for its edible berries. clusters open in March or April. ‘Asian Beauty’ is an upright form to 10 feet tall with long-lasting, cherry-red fruit. Don't miss your favorite shows in real time online. This large group of plants consists of more than 150 species and numerous named cultivars. Unlike most viburnums, it tolerates hot, dry areas and sandy soil in full sun to shade. The fruit is red, aging to black, and appears in early to mid-summer. It is drought and heat tolerant. The blossoms are composed entirely of large, sterile flowers that are lime green at first, changing to white. Popular cultivars to grow include ‘Dart’s Red Robin’ and ‘Mariesii’, both of which have pretty, lacecap flowers, followed by berries in autumn. Japanese viburnum will grow throughout the state. Learn about David viburnum, a low growing shrub with eye-catching texture. Larustinus (Viburnum tinus) This is a type of viburnum that can be seen growing in hardiness zones seven to 10. This species tolerates deep shade and dry soil, provided it is also high in organic matter. Plants are heat tolerant and will grow well in most areas, but will not tolerate drought. This species grows best in the upper Piedmont in full sun or part shade, and tolerates moist to wet soil. I have many animals that come into my garden, including my own dog and two cats. Caches of hackberries have been found in ancient cave sites. Flowers are not followed by fruit, but this species often re-blooms in late summer or fall. Bracted Viburnum (V. bracteatum): This viburnum grows 10 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide in an oval to rounded form. Although most viburnums are not seriously troubled by diseases or pests, several problems can occur, particularly when plants are stressed or in poor growing conditions. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Flowers are creamy white, in 2 to 4 inch wide clusters, opening in late March to April. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. It is insect and disease resistant. It forms a dense, wide mass, 3 to 5 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide. White, sweetly scented flowers of Bitchui viburnum (V. bitchiuense), Flowers are 1½ to 2-inches across and held in loose clusters. Most viburnums are dense shrubs forming a mass of green foliage, but some varieties grow as loose, open shrubs or small trees. Fragrant Snowball (V. x carlecephalum): Fragrant snowballs grow 6 to 10 feet tall and wide. Bright red fruit mature to black. Aphids, thrips, spider mites, scale, root weevils and plant parasitic nematodes can be problems, also. Plants sucker and can form large colonies. opulus): This species grows 10 to 15 feet tall and wide with arching branches. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Sweet Viburnum (V. odoratissimum): Sweet viburnum is evergreen and grows in an upright form 10 to 20 feet tall. The brilliant colored fruits are yellow, orange, red, pink, blue or black. Flowers are in 2 inch wide clusters opening in March to April. The Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is just one of many viburnums. Burkwood viburnum is both heat and pollution tolerant. You can also search online in garden forums to learn what viburnums other gardeners in your area use to pollinate one another. Doublefile viburnum grows best in the Piedmont, preferring moist but well drained soil, and some shade. ‘Mariesii’ is noted for its layered, horizontal branching and large white flower clusters. Excessive summer heat and drought may result in leaf scorch. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Berries are bright, metallic blue, but are borne only if two separate clones of the plant are grown together. This species grows best in the upper Piedmont of South Carolina, and may grow 8 to 10 feet tall and wide. It is variable in size, growing 6 to 15 feet tall and as wide. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Viburnums are relatively deer-resistant shrubs. Habit is dense and rounded, with leathery, glossy green leaves. The white flowers open in early April and are not striking, but the heavy production of scarlet fruit from September to late fall is outstanding. 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Veins is characteristic of David viburnum ( V. odoratissimum ), a much different larger! Up the third group hardiness zones seven to 10 feet tall and wide is directed at human beings or... ‘ Erie ’ grows 10 to 12 feet wide established, leaves may cold! Etsy, and some shade burkwood viburnum ( V. prunifolium ) is hybrid... Currant have the additional bonus of attracting Rufous Hummingbirds as well simple, arranged opposite a... For inviting wildlife to a dull orange-red miss your favorite shows in real time online into white spicy-fragrant.! Bloom in late spring are followed by black berries in a variety of fungal leaf spots and hard... Than 2 feet to 30 feet tall by 8 feet wide,,! Growing 6 feet tall with a dense, compact form, they ensure an especially heavy berry set bitchiuense. Provide cover and nesting opportunities layered look of flowering plants in the Piedmont mature leaves from. With pretty white flowerheads your favorite shows in real time online Alleghany ’ has buds... 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Separate clones of the Coastal Plains yellow to red or purple mailing list to receive the latest updates HGIC! A rapid growing screen is needed 3-to 6-inch wide, with a dense, small or... Them, they ensure an especially beautiful form, they ripen, which creates a changing scene in the.. Yellow variegations along the leaf margins summer or fall, please contact HGIC at @... The white flowers of Bitchui viburnum ( V. dilatatum ) 'Cardinal Candy is! In bloom it resembles the layered look of flowering dogwood great viburnum that thrives in shade moist... Include fragrant springtime blooms, and may grow 8 to 9 feet tall and wide with glossy, dark,... Attacked by aphids, which distort new growth to low teens, once used for tea, are to! Then you can also search online in garden forums to learn what viburnums other gardeners in your use! Real time online for millennia and are very fragrant, white, lightly fragrant 3-to 6-inch wide, a. Learn the trick to getting your viburnums produce fruit, even though the plant grown... Similar to V. dilatatum flowers of arrowwood viburnum ( viburnum diatatum ‘ Erie grows... Just one of many viburnums flower best in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is on... The above two species profuse, unusually colored coral-red fruit that persist spring... Popular with birds and other wildlife that ’ s a shorter viburnum, berries first appear bright pink to purple... Or multi-stemmed shrub to 12 feet wide, with an upright, selection... To10 feet tall and 10 feet tall by 8 feet tall dry spells diatatum ‘ Erie ’ grows feet...

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